A root canal infection is one of the most painful oral issues and a dangerous one as well. Every tooth houses a central canal called the root canal cavity, which houses the nerves and blood vessels. Both these form the tooth pulp and are responsible for the nutrition and sensation of the tooth. When the pulp gets infected, it can lead to a root canal infection, thereby putting the tooth and the entire oral health at a risk.
How is a root canal infection caused?
Cavities: The most common cause of a root canal infection is cavities. Cavities are caused due to tooth decay by the accumulated plaque and tartar on the tooth surface. They release acids that erode the enamel and gain entry into the inner layers of the tooth, which includes the pulp as well. The microbes cause an inflammation of the pulp leading to root canal infection
External trauma: External trauma is also a leading cause of the infection. When the teeth suffer damage due to a bad fall or a hard blow to the mouth, the chipping or cracks can leave a gap in the teeth where the microbes can enter the pulp.
Gum diseases: Gingivitis and periodontitis are quite serious gum diseases that have the ability to infect the teeth and the jawbone as well. The microbes from the infected gum tissues can infect the tooth via the roots.
What are the symptoms of a root canal infection?
- The patient would feel severe pain while biting and chewing food near the infected tooth. Also, they may experience pain and bleeding of the gums while brushing and flossing teeth.
- There would be a frequent discharge of pus from the gums, making them feel sore and fragile. This also promotes the decay of tissues.
- The tooth that’s infected may loosen from its socket. This occurs due to the softening of the gums around the tooth.
- In extreme cases, there may be slight bone deterioration. Along with the bone, the tips of the tooth root may also erode gradually.
- The gums look quite red due to the inflammation.
- The infected tooth would feel too sensitive to hot, cold, and spicy foods.
How is a non-surgical root canal therapy performed?
Root canal therapy is the last resort method of saving a badly infected tooth. The dentist would carefully diagnose the condition to determine the severity of the infection. The teeth will be cleaned thoroughly in order to prevent the entry of microbes near the infected tooth. Next, local anesthesia will be administered to the gums in order to numb the teeth, soft tissues, and jawbone. A rubber dam will be placed on the tooth to prevent the intervention of saliva.
A small access hole will be made on the tooth to extract the pulp from the root canal. Dental files of varying sizes will be inserted into the root canal to remove the infected pulp. The walls will also be scrubbed thoroughly to remove the adhered microbes and washed off with a jet of water. A small amount of medication will be placed in the cavity to prevent reinfection and the tooth will be restored using a crown.
Call us at 630-897-1300 or schedule an online appointment to know more about a non-surgical root canal therapy.